What the F1B? Discover the true meaning of the F1B Goldendoodle
Are you considering adding a Goldendoodle to your family? Maybe you’ve been researching these loveable fluffy Muppet dogs and have come across the term F1B Goldendoodle. And maybe you’ve scratched your head and muttered something like, “What the F1B is an F1B, anyway?
With the Goldendoodle’s comical personality, I like to think that F1B is more of a descriptor like …
Or Fluff Ball…
But actually, it’s a scientific term used for hybrids. (Remember Mendel from your Biology class in high school?) And the terminology isn’t limited to Goldendoodles or even dogs. Here’s a definition from Wikipedia:
An F1 Hybrid (also known as filial 1 hybrid) is the first filial generation of offspring of distinctly different parental types.
So “F1 hybrid” is a term used in genetics and may also appear as “F1 crossbreed.” (We’ll get to the “b” in “F1B” in a couple of paragraphs.)
The classic example of the F1 hybrid is the “Horse + Donkey = Mule” scenario.
Ahhh, it’s all clicking together, isn’t it? So how’s this apply to the loveable, smart, slightly derpy Goldendoodle?
Golden Retriever + Poodle
The Goldendoodle is a cross between a purebred Golden Retriever and Poodle. The term “Goldendoodle” is the name given to these fluffy hybrid dogs that are essentially a mixed breed. You may also have heard of them referred to as a “Groodle,” which is the name more commonly used in Australia. (And if you’re one of our readers from down under, “Welcome!”)
What is an F1 Goldendoodle?
When a Golden Retriever is crossed with a Poodle, the Goldendoodle puppy is half Poodle and half Golden Retriever. This is called an F1 Goldendoodle.
So an F1Goldendoodle is a first-generation cross between a purebred Poodle and a purebred Golden Retriever. A picture is worth a thousand words, so we created a diagram to explain the F1 Goldendoodle…
What is an F1B Goldendoodle?
Now let’s drill down to explain the “B” in F1B Goldendoodle. The F1B Goldendoodle is a cross between a purebred Poodle and an F1 Goldendoodle (100% Poodle and 100%Golden Retriever hybrid). The “B” stands for “backcross.” In general terms, the F1B Goldendoodle is 25% Golden Retriever and 75% Poodle. However, genetics don’t play out that clearly. Just like in a family, some children will carry more dominant traits of one parent or even a grandparent. In the case of appearance, some Goldendoodles will have a more “Poodley” look, some more “Retrievery,” and still others somewhere in between. Basically, a Goldendoodle could get any combination of the parent characteristics. In my opinion, that’s part of the fun and adventure of having a Goldendoodle as part of your family pack.
Here’s a graphic to explain the F1B Goldendoodle…
More about the F1B Goldendoodle
To get to know the characteristics of the F1B Goldendoodle, it might be easiest to look at the Poodle and the Golden Retriever and know that you can find any combination of parent characteristics.
According to the AKC, the Poodle is described as:
- Extremely intelligent
- Ready to please
For more information about the Poodle, please refer to the AKC’s post on the Poodle dog breed.
The AKC describes the Golden Retriever as:
- An eager-to-please family dog
For more information about the Golden Retriever, please check out the AKC’s breed article.
So, from understanding the parent breeds, it’s likely that an F1B Goldendoodle will have some combination of the traits above.
For Happy-Go-Doodle Chloe, I think the characteristics held true. Chloe is wicked smart. She was easy to train as a puppy and is still easy to train as an adult. She loves to learn new games. She is active, needs daily walks and games of fetch or she gets bored, and she is an incredibly devoted family dog.
In addition to personality, you may be wondering about the physical characteristics of F1B Goldendoodles, such as hair type, grooming, and coat colors.
Since the Golden Retriever has a high shedding coat and the Poodle has a hypoallergenic coat that is low shedding, a Goldendoodle’s coat will fall somewhere in between. However, don’t be deceived. F1B Goldendoodles will require regular brushing and grooming. For more about shedding, please read my companion article: Do Goldendoodles Shed? Separating the Facts from the Fluff. Also, for more about Goldendoodle grooming, please read my article: How to Groom a Goldendoodle’s Face: What I Learned from a Wahl® Grooming Pro.
F1B Goldendoodle coat colors
Based on the variety of coat colors of the Poodle (black, white, cream, apricot, to name a few), the F1B Goldendoodle is also found in a rainbow of colors. Plus, the Golden Retriever brings three shades to the mix…golden, light golden, and dark golden. So a Goldendoodle’s coat color may be:
For more about red Goldendoodles, please check out our story: The Red Goldendoodle: 7 Things You May Not Know About ‘Em.
Exercise and Training
From my experience as a Goldendoodle mom, aunt to two Goldendoodles, and member of Goldendoodle communities, Goldendoodles are quick to learn, energetic, and ready to please. They require energy burns and mental stimulation. (It makes sense since the parent breeds are both smart and active.) They need attention and like to be part of the pack. Goldendoodles are eager to fit in with the entire family and adapt to life with you.
However, they are not some sort of wonder dog, either. Like all dogs, if they don’t get enough mental stimulation or physical activity, they may get destructive. Also, they are social dogs and may show anxiety or boredom if left alone for long periods of time. As puppies, they may be pushy or mouthy (and want to chew on everything) or zoomy.
But with your time, proper care, socialization, love, attention, training, and exercise, an F1B Goldendoodle is more than you could ever imagine. She’ll be your…
1 Fluffy Buddy…
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Note: I am not a breeder, veterinarian, or trainer. I am a Doodle Mom who loves spreading Goldendoodle happiness and I am committed to researching and sharing all things doodle so that others can enjoy these remarkable dogs and live the Goldendoodle lifestyle.